Problems of Ukrainian women: why is it better abroad than at home?
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For many years, Ukraine did not step closer to the European standards of women's rights protection.
It is the European experience has enabled many countries successfully solve the problems of women, and achieve gender equality in the society.
Fundamental European standard: the minimum wage is 1.5-2 times higher than the living wage. For a woman, for families it means that even a minimum wage enough to feed themselves and their children and to live a decent life.
In Ukraine, the minimum wage is 56% of the living wage. Two-thirds of our citizens living below the poverty line are women.
In Ukraine, the social support for mothers who take care for a child under three years old is 25% of the monthly living wage. EU countries carry out large-scale programs aimed at promoting equality of women's rights at the work market, assist their professional development. They cover 20% of women of working age. Swedish law provides strict requirements for employers.
To eliminate discrimination against the working conditions of women the state is monitoring of its implementation. In Finland and the Netherlands, for violation of the equal rights of women in the work area they are using criminal laws.
European countries are helping their women successfully combine work with motherhood, because women are able to work part-time. For example, in the Netherlands, 57% of these women, in Switzerland - 46%,in Norway - 42%. Protecting a woman, the state compensates to employers the difference for her part-time job.
It has become the norm in Ukraine to refuse the pregnant women or women with children during the hiring process. According to the surveys of the International Center for Advanced Researches a discrimination during the hiring experienced 58% of the women.
There are 80% of the 7 million migrant workers who are working abroad are women. European countries have established an effective system for the protection of women from violence. There acts not only legal, but also the institutional system of care. There is free legal aid, public rehabilitation centers for women who experienced any types of violence. Law enforcement and judicial bodies respond to the acts of violence. There is an environment of intolerance to any violators in most of the European countries.